Vaccinating your pet is an essential part of responsible pet ownership. By making sure that your pet is not vulnerable to preventable illnesses, you are setting them up for a longer, happier and healthier life.
- Bordetella Vaccine – Kennel Cough – should be given to dogs that frequent areas where they will be exposed to other dogs like dog parks, grooming/boarding facilities, pet stores, etc. – core vaccine
- DA2PP Vaccine – Distemper/Adenovirus/Parvovirus – core vaccine
- Rabies – 1 year – core vaccine
- FVRCP – Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis/Calicivirus/Panleukopenia – core vaccine
- Rabies – 1 year – core vaccine
- FeLV Vaccine – Feline Leukemia – recommended for outdoor cats
Rabies Vaccine: is a vaccine used to prevent rabies which is a very serious disease. Transmitted by saliva either by a bite wound or saliva contact with open wounds. Incubation from the time of exposure to symptoms is usually 3-6 weeks in the dog but can be as long as 6 months. It attacks brain cells and causes neurologic symptoms once an animal gets rabies, it is always fatal. Vaccination for rabies is required by state law for dogs and in many communities keeping cats up to date is also required.
FVRCP Vaccine: FVR stands for Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, which is a severe upper respiratory infection caused by feline type 1 (herpes virus). It is most severe in young kittens and older cats and is one of the most serious upper respiratory diseases seen in the feline species. The virus is airborne and contagious in susceptible animals.
C Stands for Calicivirus, which ranges from a mild almost asymptomatic infection to life-threatening pneumonia. The virus mostly shows evidence of problems in the mouth, nasal passages, and the conjunctiva (mucus membranes) of the eyes.
P stands for Panleukopenia, which is also known as feline distemper and infectious feline enteritis. It is a highly contagious disease characterized by a short course and a high mortality rate in cats. This disease is caused by a parvovirus similar to the parvovirus seen in dogs. It is very resistant and may remain infectious in the environment for up to a year.
Leukemia Virus (FeLV): Feline leukemia is a disease that only affects cats. It cannot be transmitted to people, dogs, or other animals. FeLV is passed from one cat to another through saliva, blood, and to some extent, urine and feces. The virus commonly causes anemia or lymphoma, but because it suppresses the immune system, it can also predispose cats to deadly infections.
DA2PP: D stands for Canine Distemper Virus, which is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic dogs and other animals such as ferrets, skunks, and raccoons. It is an incurable, often fatal, multi-systemic disease that affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems.
A2 stands for Parainfluenza Virus (Kennel Cough), which there are several bacteria and viruses that can cause kennel cough often at the same time. These include adenovirus type-2 (distinct from the adenovirus type-1 that causes infectious hepatitis), parainfluenza virus, and the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica. But vaccinating for this virus also will give cross-protection against adenovirus type-1.
P stands for parvovirus, which is highly contagious. It is characterized by a short course and high mortality rate. The disease is caused by a virus similar to the parvovirus seen in cats. It is very resistant and may remain infectious in the environment for several years.
Bordetella: Bordetella is a bacterial disease of dogs involved in causing “kennel cough”. Kennel cough is highly contagious and is spread airborne. Since the infection spreads when dogs are housed together, it is often seen soon after dogs have been in kennels, hence the name. It is a viral infection. Antibiotics are often started to prevent severe secondary infections.